The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is an international treaty designed to combat climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Its goal is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
The purpose of the Paris Agreement is to achieve this goal by bringing together countries from all over the world to work together to reduce emissions. This is accomplished through a system of pledges made by each country, called Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Each country sets its own pledge, taking into account its unique circumstances, capabilities, and development needs.
The Paris Agreement also requires countries to regularly report on their progress in achieving their NDCs and to work towards a long-term goal of achieving a balance between the emissions produced and removed by human activity, also known as net-zero emissions.
Another key aspect of the Paris Agreement is the provision of financial support from developed countries to developing countries to help them transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
The Paris Agreement recognizes that climate change is a global problem that requires a global solution. It is not only an environmental issue, but also a social, economic, and political issue that affects all aspects of society. The Paris Agreement encourages international cooperation and solidarity in addressing this challenge.
In summary, the purpose of the Paris Agreement is to limit global warming, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and promote sustainable development through international cooperation and financial support. It is a crucial step towards combating climate change and preserving a livable planet for future generations.